Understanding The Nature Of Science
Science is the systematic process by which an individual or group of individuals identifies, records, reproduces, modifies and interprets scientific information in such a way as to support their claims. In the most broad sense science is the discipline that describes the physical sciences which are science, physics, chemistry, astronomy, and zoology. Science is also related to the other natural sciences that are life science, biology, zoology, ecology, forestry, environmental science and engineering science. In addition, there are many sub-disciplines within the science discipline.
One important area of science is the scientific method, which is the systematic process by which observations and/or experiments provide testable predictions or explain the results of such observations. In order for a hypothesis to be properly science, it must be able to pass a series of tests, which includes refutation, disproof, and induction. A hypothesis can be tested using a variety of different methods including observational science, experimental science, and clinical science. An hypothesis can be rejected in one area but not in another, therefore science is not limited to a black and white answer.
There are two major areas of science that are directly related to each other; physics and chemistry. Physics deals with how the world works with its atoms, molecules, and forces. Chemistry deals with how matter is made up and is connected. The relationship between these two areas of science is often very strong, especially when it comes to the observation of reality. The study of how observations fit together and how they can be explained by different theories is known as science. Examples of these theories include physical laws, general relativity, thermodynamics, and genetics.
Science studies any phenomena that can be observed and are consistent with the predictions made by theory. For example, if observations from an observational science test show that a particular hypothesis is correct then that specific hypothesis can be considered to have passed a scientific test. However, if observations do not support the validity of a hypothesis then this can be used as a reason to reject that hypothesis.
When a proposition is rejected by observational science, it is then referred to as a hypothesis. hypothesis simply means that it makes a claim based on observations that cannot be disproved, but can be considered as an idea whose chance of being verified has been reduced. Once a hypothesis has been rejected it is then referred to as a theory. The hypothesis is considered to have passed a strict test of scientific credibility through the consistent results obtained through repeated observation and study.
After a hypothesis has been passed by the scientific method, it is tested through experiments. The purpose of these experiments is to discover if the scientific theories that were previously proposed were correct. In order for this to occur, numerous controlled trials must be conducted and the data collected are analyzed using various scientific techniques and methods. Once all of the data sets and analyses from these trials are combined, a final conclusion is reached about the validity of the original hypothesis. If the results of the analysis prove that the original hypothesis is incorrect, it is then deemed to be a false statement. This is how science determines the validity of its hypotheses and how they are accepted or rejected in the scientific community.